At the beginning of the 1900's, Jazz styles took the form of small-band music and its origin credited to New Orleans. This musical style is sometimes mistakenly referred to as "Dixieland" but is less solo-oriented. Though traditional New Orleans Jazz was performed by blacks, whites, and African-American creoles, "Dixieland" is a term for white performers revival of this style.
New Orleans style, or "Classic Jazz" originated with brass bands that performed for parties and dances in the late 1800's and early 1900's. Many of the musical instruments had been salvaged from the Confederate War which included the clarinet, saxophone, cornet, trombone, tuba, banjo, bass, guitar, drums and occasionally a piano.
Musical arrangements varied considerably from performance to performance and many of the solos embellished the melody with ornaments of improvisation. This lively new music combined syncopation of ragtime with adaptations of popular melodies, hymns, marches, work songs and the Blues. The mid 1990's saw a strong resurgence in the Classic form.